Health

Osteoporosis, Strong Bones,Treatment, Sign & Symptoms

Osteoporosis, Strong Bones,Treatment, Sign & Symptoms

 

In this article I will tell you that osteoporosishow you can make your strong bones, this article will also focusing on the factors that make your bones healthy and strong. You will be able to get information that which vitamins will be best for bones and calcium. In this article I will tell you that how you can prevent yourself from osteoporosis. This article will be about the best food for the bones. This article will be focusing on how to make you bones stronger by exercise and by food. I will try to tell you that why a bone health is essential and how your bone can be strengthen.

Bone is an essential part of the body, without bones the body is nothing and it is like a building without support, building can be destroyed easily without its pillars or support same is the case with the human being they are nothing without bones and there body is of no use. So bones are very important part of the human body. The normal human body has 206 bones which have different functions.

Bones have different functions

  1. Support

It provides support and it is the one of the main functions that bones have in our body. Bones are the hardest and most rigid structure in our body. According to national naval medical center, without bones the human body would be nothing more than a shapeless blob of tissue.

  1. Protection

According to Minnesota State’s Emuseum, the skeletal system plays an important role in the protection of the organs of the body. Bones plays an important role in protecting the human skull and backbone as they are central nervous system of the body.

  1. Movement

basically bones are important for movement too. And when they are strong they build a connection between the body and the bone to have the perfect movement of human.

  1. Blood cell production

According to the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, the bones are important as a center for the production of blood cells. The inside of bones is filled with a jelly like material called bone marrow, which is where red blood cells are made. It is also where white blood cells are made

  1. Calcium

Colorado State’s Pathophysiology Department says that bones are responsible for the regulation of calcium levels. bones stored calcium . When there is a need of calcium, bones tissues can give calcium to the body.

Diseases because of weak bones

  1. Osteoporosis

osteoporosis It is a condition in which the fragile bone have the great vulnerability to fracture. weakness of bones can increase the risk of breaking bones. It decrease density of bone, strength and resulting in fragile bones. Because bones is full of protein, collagen and calcium, all of these having strong bone. which bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break with minor injury.

Causes of osteoporosis

  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
  • Diet low in calcium
  • Poor nutrition
  • Lack of vitamin D

Symptoms and signs of osteoporosis

It can be present without any symptoms for decades because osteoporosis doesn’t cause symptoms until bone is broke. Sometime osteoporosis fractures are not detected for years when they doesn’t cause any symptoms. People will not be able to identify their osteoporosis until o unless they don’t feel the bone pain.

Consequences of osteoporosis

The fractures of the bones are responsible for considerable pain, decreased quality of life, lost workdays and disability. Up to 30% of patient suffer will have to take bed rest for long term nursing home care.

Treatment for osteoporosis and prevention

It is difficult to rebuild bone that has been weakened by osteoporosis. Therefore prevention of osteoporosis is an important treatment. The following are the prevention scales that will help to stay away from osteoporosis.

  • Lifestyle changes

You should not smoke and try not to drink alcohol. You should exercise regularly and you should consume a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D.

  • Medications

You should use medicines that will not let a bone fracture that includes alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), calcitonin (calcimar), and denosumab (prolia). It will help to stop bone loss and increase bone strength.

  1. Bone cancer

Bone cancer is also known as malignant tumor that arises from the cells that make up the bones of the body. It is also called as primary bone cancer. It arises in the bone tissue itself and they may be benign (non-cancer) or malignant (cancer).

Risks for bone cancer

Bone cancer is more common in children and younger adults than in older people. The cancer of bones can found in an adult usually has spread in bone by originating from another location in the body. It includes the following

  • Previous chemotherapy
  • Previous radiation therapy
  • Mutation in gene
  • Implantation of meta to repair previous fractures

Causes of bone cancer

There is no as such cause of bone cancer. Generally cancer arise when normal cell growth is disrupted allowing abnormal cells to divide and grow uncontrollably.

Symptoms and signs for bone cancer

Pain in the bones common symptom of bone cancer the bone pain may be initially show or develop at limited time of the day or with physical activity for often a day. If any Swelling felt around the bone can be symptom of cancer. Bone breaking or fractures can also the symptom of bones cancer

Types of bone cancer

  • Osteosarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Pleomorphic sarcoma
  • Fibro sarcoma
  • Chordoma

Treatment for bone cancer

Surgical techniques can remove most bone cancers without affecting the limb. Sometimes e muscles and other tissues surrounded the cancer also have to be removed. In addition to cancer resection to help maximize function of limb.

  1. Rickets

Rickets is the softening and weakening of bones in children usually because of deficiency of vitamin D.

Symptoms

  • Delayed growth
  • Pain in the spine
  • Muscle weakness
  • Bowed legs
  • Thickened wrists and ankles
  • Breastbone projection

Causes

Vitamin D is performing to absorb the certain limit of phosphorus and calcium from food if you body doesn’t get enough vitamin D then the rickets can create the problem

  • Lack of vitamin D
  • Problems with absorption

Risk factors

These are the risk factors that can increase a child’s rickets includes

  • Dark skin
  • Mother’s vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy
  • Northern latitudes
  • Premature birth
  • Medication
  • Exclusive breast feeding

Complications

It can lead to

  • Failure to grow
  • Abnormally curved spine
  • Skeletal deformities
  • Dental defects
  • Seizures

Prevention

It can prevented with taking vitamin D or directly from the sunlight. During most seasons 10 to 15 minutes of exposure to the sun near a midday is enough for the body. To prevent rickets make sure your child have a good healthy diet that contains vitamin D in it such as cereals, bread, milk and orange juice.

Food that is best for strong bones

Strong bones Some food like soda and sweets have little nutritional value so that’s why they weaken the bones and joints. I will tell you the names of some foods that you should eat in order to get nutrition that is actually a body’s requirement and that is needed for the body to perform its function appropriately.

  1. Fortified cereals for Strong bones

You should eat cereals in breakfast. Cereals are made up of whole grains. And many are fortified with vitamin D. you should eat cereals in your breakfast as it will help you to get support for your bones and joints. Strong bones you should avoid eating cereals that contain sugar and calories in it in a large amount. So basically you need to have fortified cereal without sugar.

  1. Milk for Strong bones

Choose the low fat or non-fat options. You should drink a glass of milk twice a day for Strong bones because milk contains vitamin D that is most essential thing for the bones and it also contains vitamins in it. So the nutritive milk should be drink fresh and twice a day. You can drink milk early morning and also when you want to drink it in night. take the glass of boiled milk before sleeping in the night.

  1. Yogurt for Strong bones

Eat yogurt in the morning and make it your appetite so that you would have the great startup of the day mostly people are unaware that the yogurt contains vitamin D and it also contains calcium in it. this is perfect for Strong bones And it is easy to fit into your diet with a bowl or a smoothie.

  1. Spinach for Strong bones

Spinach is so important thing for bones. The spinach is rich in calcium and other nutrients. If you remember that the spinach loving cartoon character ‘Popeye’, when this cartoon character rose to fame spinach consumptions was then around the world.

  1. Orange juice for Strong bones

Orange juice is one of the most essential thing for the bones strength. You should in fact drink orange juice when its season comes. You will love the juice and will be able to get vitamin D and calcium from it. So try to drink orange juice in order to make yourself healthy and have strong bones.

  1. Eggs for Strong bones

Eggs are healthy food for strong bones and specifically the egg whites get a lot of hype for being healthy. But the best source of vitamin D in an egg is in the yolk of the egg. Try to eat the yolk of the egg instead of eating the white part of eggs.

  1. Salmon for Strong bones

You should add fish in your diet if you really want to make your body and your healthier and strong bones. Salmon consists of omega-3 fatty acids. But it also have rich amount of vitamin D too so eat salmon by grilling it or by making sandwiches it all depends on your taste so bake it and eat it the way you like to eat.

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